The scientists of Galileo's day did have scientifically valid reasons to doubt a moving earth. Galileo needed an explanation for the lack of stellar parallax and the poor performance of his model see Galileo's Battle for the Heavens.
The examples chosen all had some compelling support and serious shortcomings. The continents look as if they were pieces of a giant jigsaw puzzle that could fit together to make one giant super-continent.
Authorities are expert in the current view of their discipline. The church's support for Copernicus' work was well known since the original publication included a copy of the letter from the Vatican urging him to share his work, a dedication to the pope, and a thank you to a bishop who was an important supporter of his work.
Theoretical Perspectives on Closure, edited by A. The most famous of the early defenses of Darwinism was not by Darwin himself but by the famous biologist, Thomas Huxley and the social philosopher, Herbert Spencer. These two landforms were discovered in The Rocky History of an Idea.
His attempt to explain it using tides only made things worse.
But to him, it was the presence of identical fossil species along the coastal parts of Africa and South America which to him was the most compelling evidence that the two continents were once joined. Wegener used an Alexander duToit graphic to demonstrate the uncanny match of geology between eastern South America and western Africa.
Wegner also studied the distribution of major geological bodies, such as rocks, continental crust, and mineral deposits. Charles Darwin was missing an important mechanism for evolution when he published the Origin of Species in see Mendel and Darwin.
He did not have an explanation for how the continents moved. And to account for the identical fossils discovered on continents such as South America and Africa, scientists invoked ancient land bridges, now vanished beneath the sea.
He knew that any argument based simply on the jigsaw fit of the continents could easily be explained away. He believed that over million years ago the continents had formed a single mass, which he named Pangaea, meaning "all the Earth" in Greek.
The theory has unified the study of the earth by drawing together many branches of the earth sciences, from paleontology the study of fossils to seismology the study of earthquakes.
The involvement of the church may have muted criticism from academics in the Catholic countries of Europe and encouraged criticism in the Protestant countries. Also based upon, the evidence from the landforms, fossils and climate, leads scientist and geologist alike to believe that continental drift, actually did occur.
Wegener indicated that, Spitsbergen was once closer to the equator. Retrieved November 26,from http:The evidence which gave rise to the theory of continental drift -- more correctly called plate tectonics -- includes the following. The coasts of the continents surrounding the Atlantic Ocean could fit together like a jigsaw puzzle.
Living animals in widely separated lands are similar. Fossil /5(3). Wegener and Continental Drift Theory. We are taught that modern scientists are driven only by reason and facts.
It was only early scientists like Galileo who needed to fear the reaction to their radical views. Continental Drift. Long ago there was a super continent called Pangaea.
Pangaea is North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica, and India put together. Alfred Wagener discovered this theory.
He believed all continents were once connected. His evidence was true.
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Words 3 Pages. Alfred Wegener was a meteorologist and astronomer. He was the first scientist to introduce the theory of the continental drift. Wegener theorized that at one time the continents were one large landmass or Pangaea that.Download